AS 2890.5:2020 – Parking facilities Part 5: On-street parking.
Section 2 Parking design principles2.1General
This Section identifies environmental factors in the arrangement of parking in consideration of safety,preservation of access and the convenience of all road users, as follows:
Parking control signs (see Clause 2.2).
Provision of adequate end clearances to intersections and driveways [see Clause 2.3).
Preservation of safe and convenient pedestrian and cyclist access [see Clause 2.4).
ldentification of unsafe parking locations (see Clause 2.5).
on-street parking hazards and safety measures (see Clause 2.6).
Safety measures (see Clause 2.6.2J.
Provision of street lighting (see Clause 2.7).2.2 Parking control signs
The usual method of controlling on-street parking is by means of parking control signs.Requirementsfor the use of these signs together with associated pavement markings to prohibit stopping or parking,to control parking durations, and to reserve space for special usages or classes of vehicle are specifiedin AS 1742.11.
2.3 End clearances
The required clearances between the end of a parking area and an intersection, laneway, driveway orpedestrian crossing,are to be determined by the following:
(a) The regulatory “no-stopping” distance at an intersection, as specified in traffic regulations.
(b) The provision of additional end clearance to preserve adequate intersection sight distance fortraffic entering from side streets, laneways or driveways.Typical cases where regulatory enddistances may be insufficient include—angle parking in the main street;
imain street parking on a curve; and〔ii]end spaces sometimes occupied by large vehicles.
(c) The prohibition of parking for additional distances on the approaches to signallizedintersections to accommodate queues.
(d) The need to provide for left turn lanes at intersections.
(e) In addition to restrictions at intersections, the need to prohibit parking for specified (f)distances,for example in the vicinity of —
(g)children’s crossings, pedestrian crossings and refuges;
(i) bus/tram stops;
(ii) railway level crossings;(iv)fire hydrants; and(v) road bridges, except where parking provisions can be made.
2.4 Allowances for pedestrians and cyclists
On street parking should consider pedestrian and cyclist amenity and safety. Parking should minimize obstructions to pedestrians and cyclists. The following requirements shall be observed:
(a) Angle parking,front-in — Provide a minimum 2.0 in of clear width for footpaths and 2.4 m for bicycle paths. Wheelstops may he required to control vehicle overhang encroachment.
(b) Angle parking, reverse-in — Provide a minimum 2.4 m of clear width for footpaths and bicycle paths. Wheelstops may be required to control vehicle overhang encroachment.
NOTE I Clear width Is clear of any sign posts, power poles, landscaping. street furniture. etc as well as any vehicular overhangs.
NOTE 2 The effects of exhaust fumes on people xhould be considered in the determination of whether reverse-In parking Is appropriate (e.g. outdoor dining area).
NOTE 3 Front-In parking may create safety hazards when reversing out Into traffic flow, including cyclists.
Where wheelstops are used they shall he 90 mm to 100 mm in height and at least 2.0 m in length. Wheelstops shall provide 30 % luminance contrast to the ground surface to facilitate visibility by people with vision impairment. The distance from wheelstop to kerb shall be 0.6 m for front-in parking and 0.9 m for reverse-in parking (see Figure 2.2). Wheelstops shall he installed at right angles to the direction of parking. The use of wheelstops In locations where they may be a hazard to pedestrians or cyclists, should be avoided wherever practicable.
NOTE 4 See AS 1428.1 for luminance contrast test methods.
Where a cycleway is provided on the kerb side of on-street car parking, a physical separator shall beprovided (ikerb, verge, frangible bollard or other) to delineate the parking space from the cycleway andto provide a refuge for people exiting motor vehicles (see Figure 2.4).
The width of the separator is specified in the Austroads Guide to Traffic Management, the AustroadsGuide to Road Design and in design instruments from the road authorities. The width of the separatormay need to be increased in areas of high pedestrian activity on the refuge, such as school drop-off zones,beachside precincts,shopping precincts and loading zones including allowances for thestorage and handling of goods and equipment. Particular attention to detail is required with regardto the travel direction of cyclists relative to the direction of the parked vehicles, parking turnover andvehicle occupancy.