AS 4485.2:2021 – Security for healthcare facilities Part 2: Procedures guide.
Barriers may be required to mitigate the security rIsks associated with people (e.g. pedestrians and front doors), window panelled perimeter walls and infrastructure such as fuel and gas tanks, boom gates, bus and taxi waiting areas, water mains, lire suppression systems etc.
Suitable barrier protection should be considered for vulnerable areas. Examples that may require the installation of barrier protection may include the security office, human resource department, cash and drug holding areas, public enquiry/reception desks etc.
4.2.5 Doors and windows
Doors and windows to secure areas and rooms should be designed and constructed to resist forced entry. Timber door frames should not be used In these areas. Hinge pins should be such that they resist easy removal. e.g. fixed pins, security butt hinges, or dog bolts installed to prevent removal of the pins.
Doors to restricted access areas should have a viewing panel to allow workers inside to visually vet people requesting admission. The panel should provide a view of the external side of the door. A video surveillance camera located in the public area that views the door locality with a monitor within the secure area should be considered.
Security screen doors can be used as auxiliary protection and to allow additional ventilation in warm weather. Security screen doors should conform to AS 5039 and AS 5040.
Where perimeter doors are locked for security reasons during hours of darkness. consideration should be given to providing an intercom device to allow workers to be alerted by people seeking entry. It may be necessary to provide video surveillance coverage of such doors and allow the caller to be recognized before being allowed entry.
Windows should be reinforced. Where light but not ventilation is needed, windows can be replaced with heavy gauge glass bricks or glass panels secured within a metal frame. Windows not used for ventilation should be Fixed to prevent them being opened. Windows used for ventilation should be fitted with keyed window locks. Where the risk assessment identifies that additional resistance is needed, consideration should also be given to applying shatter resistant film to glass, having glass replaced with laminated glass or installing security screen mesh or grilles in accordance with AS 5039 and AS 5040.
Safety glass, laminated glass or impact resistant transparent panels (Le. plastics) should be used to glaze all windows and glass panel doors in high-risk traffic areas. Where float glass is installed, shatter resistant film should be applied to at least one surface (i.e. the surface facing the occupied side of the glass barrier).
A range of vandal resistant and bullet resistant materials are available to counter various threat scenarios. Expert advice should be sought when such threats are identified.
4.2.6 RestrIcted areas
4.2.6.1 General
Restricted areas, which may be a single room, a building, or a complex consisting of a number of buildings, are areas with measures in place for the secure handling and storage of classified matter and attractive assets. They are described in Clause 4.2.6, to assist with the selection of appropriate security measures, to determine appropriate security procedures and to determine appropriate clearances and access privileges, where necessary, for people authorized to enter such areas.
Burglar resistant areas and intruder resistant areas, whether restricted areas or not, together with other measures, are used to protect people, information, and property.
FacilIties with large holdings of classified material could seek specialist advice on the most costS effective measures to adequately secure them.
Properties should be securable with the following elements:(a)
where practicable, electronic access control should be installed.Otherwise,physical keys canbe used with the following:
(a) Deadlocks to be provided and fully operational to all external doors´╝îexceptdesignated fire exits.
(i) External doors should be on their own master restricted key system. Master keysshould be held by the manager of the residence and individual keys can be held bythe tenant. Internal doors should be keyed alike if necessary,Refer to master keyingschedule at each facility.
(ii) Keys should be on a registered system separate from the district master system toprevent the unauthorized access and copying of the keys.