ASME B107.400-2008 pdf – Striking Tools.
This Standard provides performance and safety requirements for nail hammers that are intended specifically for use in driving or pulling unhardened nails and ripping apart or tearing down wooden components. It is intended to serve as a guide in selecting, testing, and using the hand tools covered herein. It is not the purpose of this Standard to specify the details of manufacturing.
This Standard is also meant to serve as a guide in developing manuals and posters and for training personnel to work safely.
This Standard may be used as a guide by state authorities or other regulatory bodies in the formulation of laws or regulations. It is also intended for voluntary use by establishments that use or manufacture the tools covered.
The methods employed to ensure compliance with this Standard shall be determined by the proper regulatory or administrative authority.
(See Fig. I as applicable.)
bell: the portion of the hammerhead directly behind the striking face.
chamfer: the bevel or equivalent radius encircling the perimeter of the striking face.
cl,ee’ks: see sides.
claw: the two-pronged portion of the hammerhead directly opposite the striking face.
claw bevel: when provided, the angled portion of the nail slot.
equivalent: alternative designs or features that will proide an equal degree of safety and performance.
eye: an opening or aperture located between the claw and the striking face into which the handle is inserted, if the handle is separate.
hammerhead: the portion of the hammer exclusive of the handle.
handle: the portion that protrudes from the hammerhead and by which the tool is held.
handle grip: material securely attached to the grip end of some styles of hammer handles.
hardness: the condition of the hammerhead resulting from heat treatment.
neck: the portion of the hammerhead between the eye and the bell.
safety message: the information imprinted on or affixed to the hammer that is intended to promote safety.
serrat ions: when provided, the geometric pattern of grooves on the striking face.
shall: indicates mandatory requirements of this Standard.
should: indicates if a provision is of an advisory nature or is stated as a recommendation.
sides (or cheeks): the outside surfaces of the hammerhead, on either side of the eye, located between the head and neck and the head and claw.
spalling: chipping or separation of material. striking face: the portion of the hammerhead, exclusive of the neck, bell, and chamfer, located on the side of the eye opposite from the claw.
striking-face crown: the convex shape or radius of the striking face.
top of hammer: the portion of the hammerhead opposite the handle entry.
wedged hammer: a hammer that has the handle secured to the hammerhead by inserting a device to expand the handle within the eye.
The following is a list of publications referenced in this Standard. The latest available editions shall be used.
ANSI Z87.1-1989 (R1998), Practice for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection (includes supplement and partial revision ANSI Z87.IA-1991)
ANSI Z535.4-1998, Product Safety Signs and Labels
Publisher: American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 West 43rd Street, New York, NY 10036
ASTM E 18-00, Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness and Rockwell Superficial Hardness of Metallic Materials
ASTM F 1667-1995, Standard Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
Publisher: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM International), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959
Guide to Hand Tools — Selection, Safety Tips, Proper Use and Care.