AS NZS 4708:2021 – Sustainable forest management -requirements.
organic or inorganic substances containing chemical elements that are applied in order to improve the growth of plants and the Fertility of the soil.
an area of land, incorporating all living and non-living components, that is dominated by trees having usually a single stem and a mature or potentially mature stand height exceeding 2 m and crown cover or potential crown cover of overstorey strata about equal to or greater than 20%.
Note: This definition includes Australia’s and New Zealand’s diverse native forests and plantations, regardless of uge. It is also sufficiently broad to encompass areas of trees that are sometimes described as woodlands.
forest management unit
an aggregation 01 blocks with a relatively unitorm forest type, for example, species composition. geographical location and silvicultural management regime.
forest manager
See 3.54 Oranisation
forest products
the physical goods derived from the defined forest area, Including all wood and non’wood products.
forest type
a classification of forests according to their life form, height of the tallest stratum and the projected foliage cover of the tallest stratum.
fundamental ILO conventions
eight conventions (ILO 29,87,98, 100, 105, 111, 138 and 182) identified by the lW’s Governing Body as ‘fundamental’ In terms of principles and rights at work: freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining; the elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour the effective abolition of child labour; and the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.
genetically modified trees (organisms)
trees In which the genetic material has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination, taking into account applicable legislation providing a specific definition of genetically modified organisms.
Note: The following techniques are considered as genetic modification resulting in genetically modified trees (EU [)irectlve 2001/18/EC):
(a) recombinant nucleic acid techniques involving the Formation of new combinations of genetic material by the insertion of nucleic acid molecules produced by whatever means outside an organism, Into any virus, bacterial plasnild or other vector system and their incorporation into a host organism in which they do not naturally oc-ur. but in which they are capable of continued propagation:
(b) techniques involving the direct introduction into an organism of hentable material prepared outside the organism, including micro-injection, macro-injection and micro-encapsulation: or
(c) cell fusion (including protoplast fusion) or hybridisatlon techniques where live cells with new combinations of heritable genetic material are lormed through the fusion of two or more cells by means of methods that do not occur naturally.
Note 2: The following techniques are not considered as genetic modification resulting in genetically modified trees (EU Directive 200 1/18/EC):
(a) In vitro fertillsatlon;
(b) natural processes such as conjugation, transduction. transformation: or
(c) polyploidy Induction.
group entity
legal entity that represents the participants, with overall responsibility for ensuring the conformity of forsst management In the certified area to the sustainable forest management standard and other applicable requirements of the forest certification system.
Note 1: For this purpose, the group entity Is using a group management system.
Note 2: The structure of the group entity should follow the operations, number of participants and other basic conditions for the group organLsation. It may be represented by one person
group forest certification
certification of the group organisation under one group forest certificate.
Note: Group certification is an alternative approach to individual certification for relatively small forest holdings of Group Members in order to share the financial obligations arising from forest certification and should not be open to larger forest owners or managers.’
group organisatlon
participants represented by the group entity for the purposes of implementation of the susLainable forest managemcnt standard and its certification.
Note: The term group or-ganisation’ is equivalent to the term ‘regional organisation’ if the group is defined by regional boundaries or other terms chosen by the relevant forest certification scheme and complying with the content oIthls definition.
harvest rate
rate of harvest that does not exceed levels that can be permanently sustained without negatively impacting the long-term productive capacity of the forest ecosystem.