# AS 2862.1:2021 – Copper, lead, zinc and nickelconcentrates -Sampling Part 1: Sampling procedures for determination of metal and moisture content

AS 2862.1:2021 – Copper, lead, zinc and nickelconcentrates -Sampling Part 1: Sampling procedures for determination of metal and moisture content.

The mass interval between primary increments should be rounded down to the nearest tonne, to ensure that the number of primary increments taken will be larger than the minimum number required,

7.2.3 Sample cutter

The following cutters may be used For taking primary increments:

a) a falling-stream cutter whose cutting speed is constant during the course of handling the entire lot;

b) a falling-stream cutter whose cutting speed is constant while cutting the stream but can be regulated, primary increment by primary increment, corresponding to the flow rate of the concentrate on the conveyor belt;

c) a cross-belt cutter.

7.2.4 Taking of primary increments

Each primary increment shall preferably be taken by a single traverse of the sampling device, so that a full cross-section of the concentrate stream is taken. However, in manual-sampling cases where it is not possible to obtain a complete cross-section in one operation. increments may be taken systematically across the concentrate stream so that, when they are combined, they represent the full cross-section of the stream (see 9.7).

The first primary increment shall be taken at a random mass, less than the mass interval ni determined in 72. Thereafter, the required number of primary Increments shall be taken at fixed mass intervals ofm, and this Interval shall not be changed during the entire course of sampling the lot.

If the planned number of primary increments has been taken and handling has not been completed. additional primary increments shall be taken at the same mass interval until the handling operation is completed.

7.2.5 Constitution of subsamples and lot samples

If the coefficient of variation of primary increment masses Is 20 % or less, primary Increments may be combined into subsamples or a lot sample, either as taken or after having been processed individually to a particular stage. Subsamples shall preferably comprise equal numbers of consecutive primary increments.

However, IF the coefficient of variation of primary increment masses exceeds 20%. either:

a) each primary increment shall he suhected separately to division (according to the rules of division) and determination of Its quality characteristics; or

b) primary increments shall be subjected to constant mass division, prior to combining into subsamples or a lot sample.

Primary increments and subsamples should not be combined Into a single sample for the lot, unless the composite sample can be adequately mixed (see 15.3).

For the determination of moisture content, it is reconimended that a moisture subsample be constituted for each sub-lot. This will not only reduce the total variance but will also minimize loss of moisture and hence bias.

7.2.6 Types of division

Two types of division are applicable to massâ€˘basis sampling:

a) Constant-mass division, which is a method of obtaining divided increments. subsamples or lot samples with almost uniform mass, regardless of the variation in the masses to be divided. Cutter- type dividers with variable cutting frequencies can be used for this type of division free 15.4.6).

b) Proportional division, which is a method of obtaining divided increments, subsamples or lot samples with masses proportional to the varied masses to be divided. Rotary sample dividers can be used for this type of division (see 15.4.5).

Cutter-type dividers can lead to moisture loss, so are not recommended for division of moisture samples.

7.2.7 DIvision of Increments

Where Increments require division and suhsamples or a lot sample are constituted from the divided increments, division shall be carried out as follows (see Table 4):

a) If the coefficient of variation of the increment masses is 20 % or less, either constant-mass or proportional division shall be used.

b) If the coefficient of variation of the increment masses is greater than 20%. division shall be carried out on an increment-by-increment basis using constant-mass division.

7.2.8 DivIsion of subsamples

Where subsamples are divided and a lot sample Is constituted from the divided subsamples, division shall be carried out as follows (see Table 4):

a) If the coefficient of variation of the subsample masses Is 20% or less, and the subsamples consist of an equal number of increments, either constant-mass or proportional division shall be used.